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Plant Care – Spray Schedule

Spray in orchards plays an important role it protects the tree from pests, insects, physiological disorder and disease, also helps to improve the quality of the crop, spray provides the more assured protection to the tree because insecticides will reach the hidden and intended area of the tree and it is the most economical way in terms of time and money.

Spray Schedule For The Control Of Scab, Leaf Fall, Canker, Powdery Mildew And Other Diseases Of Apple, Pears
S. No.
Phase
Name of Chemical (See Manufacturer
terms of use, it varies company to company)
Quantity of Chemical for 200 liters
Diseases
Remarks
1.
Green tip
Captan or Dodine or Ziram
600g 200g 600 ml
Scab
2.
Pink bud
Mancozeb or Combi-Product (Carbendazim+ Mancozeb) or Difenoconazole
600 g
500g
30 ml
Scab, Powdery Mildew & Core rot
In case dry weather prevails, Combi product or Difenoconazole be sprayed to control Powdery mildew
3.
Petal Fall/ Pea Stage
Carbendazim or Thiophanate Methyl or Hexaconazole or Biorational Molecule with 2.62% copper sulphate or Combi product(Captan + Hexaconazole) or Flusilazole
100g 100g 100ml 600ml 200g 50ml
Powdery mildew, Pre-mature leaf fall & Scab and Alternaria blight
4.
Fruit development (walnut size)
Carbendazim + Mancozeb or Combi-Product (Carbendazim+ Mancozeb) or Myclobutanil or Iprodione + Carbendazim or Metiram or Metiram+Pyraclostrobin
100 g 500 g 500 g 80 g 300 g 500g 200g
Pre-mature leaf fall & Scab and Alternaria blight
5.
Fruit development (20 days after 4th spray)
Dodine or Propineb or Zineb or Difenoconazole or Hexaconazole or Combi product(Zineb+Hexaconazole) or Kresoxim methyl
150 g.600g. 600g.30ml. 100ml.600g.100ml.
Pre-mature leaf fall,Alternaria blight and Scab
Do not Spray Dodine if temp-rapture rises above 30 C.
6.
Pre-Harvest (20-25 days before harvest)
Captan or Mancozeb Flowable or Ziram
600g. 700 ml.600 ml.
Pre-mature leaf fall, Scab,sooty-blotch & Fly speck.
Captan does not control pre mature leaf fall , may be sprayed to control Sooty blotch and Fly speck only.
7.
Post harvest
Copper hydroxide
or
Copper Oxychloride
600g.600 g.
Canker

Notes :

This spray schedule is for normal weather conditions.
In case of heavy rains within 12 hrs of spray, repeat spray within 7 days
Do not use the same chemical spray after spray.
Chemical should be sprayed when there are chances of diseases.
Do not mix Dodine with any other pesticides/chemical.
Do not mix any other pesticides/chemical/micro nutrient/growth regulator/hormone with the above recommended pesticides to avoid russeting and other disorders. In case there is necessity, these chemicals to be sprayed separately.
The fallen leaves of Apple should be collected and decomposed in a compost pit or destroyed by burning.

Other Ad-hoc Recommendations against hail damage

Spray Boric Acid (200 gm) + Zinc Sulphate (500 gm) + quick lime (250 gm)+ Mancozeb (600 gm) in 200 L of water after 3-4 days of hail storm after.

Spray the hail affected apple orchards with urea(1kg)+Carbendazim(100 gm) and Mancozeb (600 gm) in 200 L of water. After 10-12 days ,a spray of micronutrients like Agromine, Multiplex or Microvit @ 400 to 600 gm. Per 200 L of water is also recommended.

Spray Schedule For The Control Of Insect And Mite Pests Of Apple
S. No.
Tree stage
Name of Chemical
Quantity of Chemical for 200 liters
Pests controlled
1.
Tighter cluster
Dormant oilor

Horticultural Mineral oil

4L 4L
San Jose scale and eggs of mite
2.
Pink bud
Thiaclopridor

Chlorpyriphos or Thiamethoxa or Carbosulfanm

100ml/400 ml/200g/200ml
Blossom thrips
3.
Petal Fall
Endosulfanor

Horticultural Mineral oil

or

Malathion

300 ml 2L/ 200 ml
Mites/Caterpillars
4.
Fruit development (walnut size)
Dicofolor

Hexythiazox

or

Profenofos

or

Horticultural Mineral oil

400 ml 200 ml 200ml
2L
Mites
5.
Fruit development (20 days after 4th spray)
Fenazaquin or Propargite or Fenpyroximate or Hexythiazox
50ml 200ml 100 ml 200ml
Catterpillars and Mites
6.
Fruit development(20 days after 5th spray)
Fenazaquinor

Propargite

50 ml 200 ml
Mites
7.
Pre harvest(20-25 days before harvest).
Malathion
200 ml
Caterpillars (fruit scrappers)
8.
Post Harvest
Carbosulfan or Chlorpyriphos or Thiamethoxam
200ml 400ml 200g
Woolly appleaphid

Note:

Spray insecticide against blossom thrips in case average population of thrips exceeds 15 per flower on the basis of sample size of at least 50 flowers.

Do not spray Horticultural Mineral Oil during drought and high humid (foggy) conditions. Do not mix the oil with sulphur or sulphur based pesticides as it may cause phytotoxicity / fruit injury.

Spray Horticultural Mineral Oil only if average mite population is less than 2 per leaf based on randomly selected sample of 100 leaves, collected from different plants. In case the mite population exceeds the above limit, spray the recommended acarcide / miticide.

Avoid repetition of miticide for the control of phytophagous mites in subsequent sprays.

Recommended Brand Names Of Pesticides
S. No.
Common Name
Brand Names
A. Fungicides
1.
Biorational molecule with 2.62% copper sulphate
Shield
2.
Carbendazim 50 WP
Dhanustin/Bavistin/Mavistin/Derosal/
Himstin/Benfil/Carbestin/Gilzim
/Pearl-46.27% SC
3.
Captan 50 WP
Captaf/Dhanutan/Kohicap/Masstan/Captax
4.
Copper oxychloride 50WP
Blitox/Fytolan/Masstox/Copter/Him Agro
Copper Oxychloride / Trucop.
5.
Copper hydroxide 77 WP
Kocide
6.
Dodine 65 WP/400g/1SC
Superstar/Syllit/Himdin/Tohfa/Noor
7.
Metiram 70% WG
Sanit
8.
Difenoconazole 25 EC
Score/Scale
9.
Hexaconazole 5EC
Contaf/Hexzol/Sitara/Titan/Glow/Envil
10.
Combi product
a Carbendazim12%
+ Mancozeb 63%WP
b Captan 70%+Hexaconazole 5%WP
c Iprodione 25%+ Carbendazim 25% WP
d Metiram 55%+Pyraclostrobin 5%WG
e Zineb 68%+Hexaconazole 4%WP
Companion/Bright/Saaf/Sixer/Sathi
Taqat Quintal Cabrio Top 60%WG Avtar
11.
Mancozeb 75WP/75WG
Indofil M-45/Dithane M-45/Kohinoor
M-45/ Dhanuka M-45/ Mass M-45/ Him
Agro Mancozeb/Abic M-45/Uthane M-45/
Emthane M-45/Manfil 75WG
12.
Mancozeb Flowable 35% SC
Flowin- HT
13.
Flusilazole 40%EC
Governor 40 EC
14.
Myclobutanil 10WP
Systhane/Boon/Index/Grapple
15.
Kresoxim methyl 500SC
Ergon 44.3% SC
16.
Propineb 70 WP
Antracol
17.
Thiophanate Methyl 70WP
Roko/Topsin-M/Alert/Stop
18.
Ziram 27 SL
Cuman-L
19.
Zineb 75WP
Indofil Z-78
B. Oils, Insecticides and Acaricides
1.
Horticultural Mineral Oils
Orchex 796/D-C Tron Plus/Arbofine
/Orchol 13/Servo/ Mak All Season
2.
Dormant oils
Servo Oil/ HP Spray Oil E/ Loven-30/
HRC spray oil.
3.
Chlorpyriphos 20 EC
Dursban/Durmet/Danusban/Massban/
Force/Tricel/Navigator
4.
Endosulfan 35EC
Thiodan/Endomass/Endocel
5.
Fenpyroximate 5% SC
Sedna
6.
Profenofos 50 EC
Carina
7.
Fenazaquin 10EC
Magister/Majestic
8.
Dicofol 18.5 EC
Colonel-S/Dicomass/Nomite
9.
Propargite 57 EC
Omite/Simbaa
10.
Malathion 50EC
Cythion/Massthion
11.
Carbosulfan 25EC
Marshal
12.
Thiamethoxam 25WG
Actara
13.
Thiacloprid 240 SC
Calypso
14.
Hexythiazox 5.45%
Maiden
Note:
Source Horticulture Department

We recommend to our growers (members/customers), chemicals can be replaced where ever possible by organic, Bio Products.

“Please make use of chemicals wisely excess use can harm you, your farm and the end consumer of your produce.”

Comments

.khurshid Ahmad bhat

Growers should be made clear about the classification of fungicides on the basis of protectants and eradicants,they should be made clear about,when should we spray protectant and when to spray eradicant,because in your spray schedule the protectants and eradicants are amalgamated,some growers spray oniły one category of fungicide throughout the year because they Havel to chose only one fungicide from the schedule of a particular spray……………..thanks

Subhash Thakur

I want to know some organic spray for Colour, Size & Shine of Apple.
Also some effective spray foe control of leaves from falling down in Apple trees.
Please mail me .

Thank you

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